Canada’s oil producers have helped to free American consumers from the world’s oil dictators before and can do it again – while helping fight the global challenge of climate change.
U.S. average gasoline prices are breaking new records as the world’s oil production and refining capacity are being pushed to their limits.
While the fallout from Russia’s invasion of Ukraine is adding to the strained markets, the situation has been building for more than a year, according to leading energy analyst and Pulitzer Prize-winning author Daniel Yergin.
Biden is unlikely to find much help in Saudi Arabia, as OPEC has little room to increase production. But “Canada – the world’s fourth-largest oil producer, after the U.S., Saudi Arabia, and Russia – could provide extra barrels in collaboration with its major market, the U.S.,” Yergin wrote on July 11.
Here are five facts illustrating why policy-makers in the U.S. and Canada should work together to build new oil pipelines to strengthen North American energy security.
The U.S. needs long-term, reliable oil supply
There’s no question that the U.S. will require a significant amount of oil – and oil imports – for decades, even as more renewable energy comes online.
The latest long-term outlook from the U.S. Energy Information Administration projects that U.S. consumption of petroleum products will grow by nearly two million barrels per day between 2021 and 2050. Meanwhile, U.S. crude oil imports will grow by about one million barrels per day.
The vast majority of U.S. oil imports come from Canada. But that could change with recent government actions like Biden’s cancellation of the Keystone XL pipeline. And it couldn’t come at a worse time, as Russia’s invasion of Ukraine underscores the risks of relying on hostile actors for energy supply.
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Oil supply from Canada isn’t just reliable. It also has economic benefits on both sides of the border, supporting jobs and helping lower consumer energy costs, according to a 2021 study published by the American Petroleum Institute (API).
Absent supply of “heavy oil” from Canada, researchers found that in 2019 U.S. refiners would have spent about US$6.1 billion more to access and process other crudes. Access to Canadian heavy oil improves the profitability of the industrial sector, which adds value to the economy.
The main reason is that U.S. refiners have spent billions to tailor their facilities to specifically process heavy oil like that produced in Canada, says Christopher Guith, a senior leader with the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.
“It tends to trade at a discount, so you can buy it more cheaply. It’s always going to be cheaper because it’s closer, so it doesn’t have to move as far,” Guith says. “And it’s coming from Canada, a liberal democracy that we have arguably the strongest relationship with out of the entire global community.”
Oil sands leads the world in environmental and social protection
Canada’s oil sands industry offers reliable, affordable, stable supply to the U.S. that protects people and the environment.
Among the world’s largest oil reserve holders, Canada’s oil sands producers rank number one in environmental, social and governance (ESG) performance, according to BMO Capital Markets.
ESG includes measures like greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, water use, Indigenous participation, diversity and inclusion, safety and regulatory processes.
Oil sands spending with Indigenous businesses is rising. In 2019, oil sands producers spent $2.4 billion with 275 Indigenous businesses, up from $1.5 billion with 263 Indigenous businesses in 2015.
“We continue to see Canada and its oil companies as being ahead of the ESG curve and a well-rounded candidate to fulfil the world’s ongoing need for ‘friendly’ oil,” BMO analysts wrote in a 2021 report titled Survivor Canada: The Unparalleled: Position of Canadian Oil in a Transition Challenge.
Oil sands doing more to reduce emissions than other major oil producers
Canada’s oil sands industry is committed to helping fight climate change. Virtually all oil sands producers have pledged jointly to reduce total emissions and reach the global target of net zero by 2050.
The Oil Sands Pathways to Net Zero alliance has set progressively intensifying targets to reduce emissions to the equivalent of zero by mid-century, meaning that any emissions from production will be balanced by emissions removed from the atmosphere.
Oil sands producers have already achieved success in reducing emissions per barrel, or emissions intensity, by 20 per cent since 2009, according to IHS Markit. The consultancy expects total oil sands emissions – not just emissions per barrel – to start going down within the next five years, even as production grows.
Oil sands has transformed the U.S. energy economy before
Guith says U.S. imports of Canadian oil – which doubled between 2005 and 2019, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration – have been a “godsend” for energy security.
“If you look back over the last 25 years, bringing Alberta’s oil sands production online is the second most important advent to American energy security, second only to our own shale revolution. It transformed our energy economy incredibly and enabled us to push out OPEC imports,” he says.
“It happened at the exact right time; 2005 was the lowest point of U.S. oil production in 60 years, and all of a sudden here comes our greatest trading partner to the north with essentially a rescue.”
As the U.S. looks for more oil imports long-term, Canada is still the solution.
Deborah Jaremko is director of content for the Canadian Energy Centre, an Alberta government corporation funded in part by taxes paid by industry on carbon emissions.
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